Chromatic Phase Plate for Nanoscopy (P-1146)
A chromatic phase plate designed for STED or RESOLFT fluorescence light microscopy that shapes the wavefronts of stimulation light.
In order to achieve an ideal STED and RESOLFT fluorescence light microscopy result it is essential to generate a local intensity minimum at the focus point for stimulating or fluorescence-inhibiting light. On the other hand excitation light has to display a local intensity maximum at the focus point. Traditional chromatic waveplates are limited especially by a narrow wavelength range for the stimulating beam (typically +/- 5nm).
The presented technology provides a chromatic phase plate that allows for a much wider (many 10nm) wavelength range that shapes the wavefronts of stimulation light, resulting in an intensity minimum at the focus point while, at the same time, extending the range of excitation light formed to a regular focus spot.
A DKFZ researcher has developed a new chromatic phase plate that contains different stacks of optical flats along a main axis. The individual stacks show no effective differences regarding optical path length for the excitation light of STED and RESOLFT microscopy, but alter the corresponding stimulation light (Figure). This design ensures an intensity minimum of a wide range of wavelengths of stimulation light at the focus point without affecting the excitation light.
Stage of Development
Point spread function calculations for the systematic selection of the required glass combinations are available for desired wavelength ranges.
- Chromatic phase plate designed for STED or RESOLFT fluorescence light microscopy
- Wavefronts of excitation light are unaffected
- Wavefronts of stimulation light over a wide range of wavelengths are shaped
The chromatic phase plate is particularly suitable for STED or RESOLFT fluorescence light microscopy. Laser with wider wavelength ranges such as TiSa laser can be used with the chromatic phase plates presented here. A single phase plate can be used to match a number of laser lines from lasers such as RAMAN comb lasers without replacing and readjusting the system.
- “Chromatic phase plate” was filed 19.10.2015 at the EPO.
- PCT published as WO 2017/067998
- Patent granted in Europe (EP 3 365 721), on national levels (CH, DE, FR, GB))
- Patent granted in the USA (US 2018/0231788).
- Patent application submitted